8 Most Common Skin Problems and How to Deal with Them

Woman looking at herself in mirror
8 Most Common Skin Problems and How to Deal with Them
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Almost everybody has at least one skin issue that bothers them, and while you may think that you are alone in your worries, you actually likely share these with thousands of other people.

From acne to wrinkles to sun spots, here are eight of the most common skin concerns out there, as well as tips on how you can treat them.

Adult Acne

While many may think that acne only affects teenagers, adult acne is surprisingly common, with around half of the adult population experiencing this at some point in their lives.

Since acne can bring about such a significant visual change to a person’s appearance, this is a skin concern that can really cause so much stress, which only ends up exacerbating the condition.

In fact, all of the chronic stress that comes with the modern day lifestyle is something that is causing the number of adult acne cases seen by dermatologists to dramatically rise. 

So, what exactly causes adult acne?

Acne breakouts are usually triggered by hormonal fluctuations, but there are several other internal and external factors that can cause acne too.

These include:

  • Pollution
  • Using the wrong skin care products
  • Over-cleansing or over-exfoliating
  • Certain foods
  • Certain medications
  • Stress

Working out the exact cause of your acne can definitely be quite difficult, but it is well worth the effort. By identifying your acne triggers, you will then be able to take the necessary preventative steps to cut these out of your life.

Of course, in the meantime, you will still need something to help with the breakouts…

This is where over-the-counter acne treatments can be so helpful. These will usually contain either benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, both of which are effective at clearing breakouts and killing the bacteria that causes acne in the first place.

However, keep in mind that these ingredients can be quite harsh, so you need to ensure that your skin is able to tolerate them. Begin by using them in small amounts, and then slowly build this up if your skin is not reacting negatively.

If your acne is quite severe, then you may need to see a doctor about this. They will be able to prescribe stronger prescription creams to treat your breakouts, and may even suggest oral antibiotics, which act as anti-inflammatories. 

Age Spots

If you are under the age of 40, then you have likely not experienced age spots yet, but this is something that will probably change as you age.

Wondering what age spots are?

They are also referred to as sun spots or liver spots, and are basically darker patches that form on the skin. This is known as hyperpigmentation, and is caused by an increase in melanin production.

Wondering what triggers this melanin increase?

UV rays from the sun. The more exposure you have had to them over the years, the more likely you are to develop age spots on your skin, especially in areas that are frequently exposed to the sun. Those with lighter skin tones also tend to experience age spots more than those with darker skin tones.

These age spots themselves are not technically harmful, but they do lead to an uneven complexion, which can really make you seem so much older than your years.

If this has happened to you, then you are likely seeking out ways in which you can lighten these darker spots…

Fortunately, there are several different ingredients that you can turn to, such as:

  • Hydroquinone
  • Retin-A
  • Glycolic Acid
  • Kojic Acid
  • Glutathione
  • Vitamin C
  • Castor Oil

Of course, with age spots being triggered by a deeper change within the skin, you are not going to notice improvements right away.

Wondering how long you have to wait until you see a difference in your skin?

It can take up to a year, so you will need to be patient. You may also need to try a few of the different ingredients mentioned above, or even a combination of them, but make sure that whatever you use is not too harsh on your skin.

Rosacea

It is estimated that around 16 million Americans suffer from rosacea, with millions more in temporary remission, making this such a common skin condition. 

The actual symptoms of this chronic condition can vary, but tend to consist of either:

  • Red or pink facial flushing
  • Dilated blood vessels underneath the skin
  • Small red bumps that are sometimes mistaken for acne

Wondering what causes it?

Frustratingly, the exact cause of rosacea is still unknown, although it is believed to be linked to inflammation within the body.

While rosacea itself does not really pose any problems to your overall health, it can still really affect your appearance, and leaving it untreated will only make the condition worse.

So, what can you do about it?

Prescription drugs are usually the answer, although there are many preventative steps that you can take too. These include minimizing exposure to the many common rosacea triggers out there, from sunlight to certain foods to harsh skin care products.

Dark, Under-Eye Circles

While a few dabs of concealer may be able to temporarily hide your dark, under-eye circles from the rest of the world, this is not something you should have to be doing every single day.

Instead, finding the cause for your under-eye circles will help you to finally banish them for good.

So, what actually causes them?

Genetics actually play a huge role, but so do many lifestyle factors. A poor diet, allergies and stress, as well as a lack of quality sleep, can all result in these dark circles, as can the habit of frequently rubbing your eyes.

It goes without saying that improving your diet, getting more sleep, keeping allergies under control, and not rubbing your eyes will all help to minimize dark circles. You may think that rubbing your eyes does not have much of an impact, but the skin around your eyes is so thin and delicate that rubbing with force ends up breaking the blood vessels beneath, leading to dark circles in the area.

The sun’s UV rays can also have a huge impact on dark circles, because they weaken the collagen and elastin in the skin around the eyes, meaning that your blood vessels here are more likely to rupture. Fortunately, wearing a pair of UV-blocking sunglasses is an easy way around this.

Eczema

Eczema is actually one of the most common skin concerns out there, affecting more than 30 million Americans.

This skin condition manifests as dry, scaly and itchy skin, which, when scratched, only becomes so much worse.

While many people who experience eczema as a child often outgrow this, the condition still has an impact on millions of adults, and, sadly, there is no cure for eczema

This does not mean that you need to suffer with eczema for the rest of your life…

Just like with every other skin condition out there, there are preventative steps that you can take to minimize the severity of your eczema flare-ups.

These include:

  • Taking lukewarm baths with colloidal oatmeal to soothe your skin
  • Keeping your skin constantly moisturized, and making sure to apply this moisturizer to damp, rather than dry, skin
  • Wearing soft fabrics that will not irritate your skin
  • Using mild skin care products that have been designed for sensitive skin
  • Using a humidifier to help add moisture back into your skin 

There are also a number of medications that you can use, both orally as well as topically.

It can often seem as though eczema is so hard to beat, but with the right combination of treatments, you will be able to keep this skin condition well under control.

Cellulite

With cellulite affecting around 85-95% of women, this is an extremely common skin concern that so many share.

What exactly is it?

These dimpled areas of skin are caused by pockets of fat that group together and bulge out from in between the connective tissue underneath the skin. It tends to be much more visible in thinner skin, which is why this becomes something you notice more as you age and your skin naturally thins out.

Unfortunately, cellulite is quite a difficult skin issue to fix.

Losing some weight can help make cellulite less visible, but it will not get rid of it completely.

There are many topical cellulite creams out there that work by hydrating the skin, but this tends to only be a very temporary fix.

More effective treatment options include the use of lasers, which help to rearrange the fibrous bands beneath the skin, meaning that the pockets of fat will not bulge through in the same way any more. However, this is still a relatively new treatment for cellulite, and the long term results of this are not yet known.

Wrinkles

Wrinkles are something that so many dread, yet they are pretty much an inevitable part of getting older.

Of course, the severity of your wrinkles, as well as the age at which they begin to appear, are all factors that you can have some control over.

How?

Well, wrinkles are caused when the skin becomes thinner and drier with age, but there are many ingredients out there that can help to boost skin thickness and moisture. Retinol is one of the most potent anti-aging ingredients when it comes to wrinkles, as this vitamin A derivative can make a huge difference in just a few weeks.

You also need to be aware of the lifestyle factors that contribute to wrinkles, because everything from smoking to squinting to drinking through a straw will deepen any lines you have.

There is one factor that has not yet been mentioned that is the most important when it comes to preventing wrinkles…

Did you know that the sun is responsible for up to 80% of all facial wrinkles?

This may seem hard to believe but it is true. If you are diligent about sun protection throughout your life, you will be able to avoid most of the wrinkles that you would have otherwise developed. 

Enlarged Pores

Enlarged pores can be so frustrating to deal with, because they really detract from a clear and smooth complexion.

In many cases, the size of your pores is down to genetics, which is something that you cannot change.

However, enlarged pores are also commonly linked to oily skin. Since oily skin has an excess flow of oil, pores end up more dilated, which makes them more visible. They are also far more liable to get clogged, which stretches them out and makes them appear much larger than they really are.

The key to solving this skin issue is keeping your pores clear.

There are a couple of ways in which you can do this…

The first is with regular cleansing, not only with a standard cleanser but also with an effective exfoliant, as this will help to clear out any debris from within your pores. Peels can also really help to give your pores a deep clean.

You can also try using skin care ingredients that help to regulate and minimize your skin’s natural oil production.

These include:

  • Clay
  • Green Tea
  • Zinc
  • Glycolic Acid
  • Retinol
  • Niacinimide
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Benzoyl Peroxide

Although you cannot physically shrink your pores, you can still keep them clear, which will significantly minimize how visible they are in terms of your overall complexion.

There are so many people out there that choose to suffer in silence when it comes to skin concerns, but this really does not need to be the case. While some skin issues, such as eczema and rosacea, cannot be completely cured, there are still preventative steps that you can take, no matter what you may be dealing with, which will help to greatly reduce the severity of your symptoms.

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